Vice President Nelson Rockefeller was “responding in kind” in 1976 when he gave demonstrators the fabled birdie on the campaign trail. While bluebloods are obliged to explain lapses in social graces, traders definitely have a good excuse:
Prof Baruch said their aim was to challenge leadership styles and suggest ideas for best practice. “Employees use swearing on a continuous basis, but not necessarily in a negative, abusive manner. Swearing was as a social phenomenon to reflect solidarity and enhance group cohesiveness, or as a psychological phenomenon to release stress.
“Most of the cases were reported by employees at the lower levels of the organisational hierarchies and it was clear that executives use swearing language less frequently. The primary issue for management is whether or not to apply a tolerant leadership culture to the workplace and deliberately allow swearing.”
Prof Baruch added: “We hope that this study will serve not only to acknowledge the part that swearing plays in our work and our lives, but also to indicate that leaders sometimes need to ‘think differently’, and be open to intriguing ideas.”